Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Plant Physiol. 1987 Dec;85(4):1103-9.

Bacillus thuringiensis section sign-Endotoxin Expressed in Transgenic Nicotiana tabacum Provides Resistance to Lepidopteran Insects.

Author information

  • 1Agracetus, Middleton, Wisconsin 53562.

Abstract

The crystal proteins, or section sign-endotoxins, of Bacillus thuringiensis are specifically lethal to Lepidopteran insects. We utilized a truncated and modified portion of a cloned crystal protein gene to construct a chimeric gene capable of expression in plant cells. Using an Agrobacterium tumefaciens binary vector system, we then transferred the chimeric toxin gene into tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum cv Havana 425) cells and regenerated recombinant plants. One to several copies per cell of the toxin gene are routinely present in the recombinant plants. Hybridization experiments demonstrated that these plants had a new RNA species of the size expected for the truncated toxin mRNA, and a polypeptide having the mobility expected for the truncated toxin was detected by immunoblotting. Significant variation was found in the levels of toxin-specific RNA expression between different recombinants, but the levels of hybridizing RNA in transformants correlated with the level of toxicity demonstrated against Manduca sexta (tobacco hornworm), and other Lepidopteran insects. The recombinant genes were transmitted to progeny and resistance to insects was maintained, thus demonstrating that the introduction of toxin genes into plants may be a practical method of providing protection against certain insect pests.

PMID:
16665812
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC1054402
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk