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Plant Physiol. 1985 Jun;78(2):411-6.

Selection of Glyphosate-Tolerant Tobacco Calli and the Expression of this Tolerance in Regenerated Plants.

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  • 1Department of Biology, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180.


From nonmutagenized haploid suspensions of Nicotiana tabacum L. cv Wisconsin 38 cells, 51 cell lines capable of growth in the presence of 1 millimolar glyphosate (N-phosphonomethyl glycine) were initially isolated at a frequency of 2.3 x 10(-8). Eighteen cell lines retained tolerance when grown on selective medium for 3 years. Tolerance persisted for at least 14 months in six cell lines cultured in the absence of glyphosate. Some plants regenerated from four glyphosate-tolerant cell lines were tolerant. Glyphosate-tolerant tissue was isolated from some sensitive as well as some tolerant regenerated plants. Six of the tolerant cell lines were also tolerant to the herbicide amitrole (3-amino-1,2,4-triazole). Five cell lines selected for amitrole tolerance were glyphosate tolerant. Some plants regenerated from three of these five cell lines were glyphosate tolerant and glyphosate-tolerant tissue was obtained from several of these regenerated plants. Amitrole uptake in suspension cultures of several variants was assessed in terms of influx rate constants. This parameter was not sufficiently different indicating that altered membrane properties could not account for the herbicide tolerance.

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