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Plant Physiol. 1984 Feb;74(2):413-6.

Acclimation to High CO(2) in Bean : Carbonic Anhydrase and Ribulose Bisphosphate Carboxylase.

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  • 1Department of Horticultural Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada.


Young bean plants (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv Seafarer) grew faster in air enriched with CO(2) (1200 microliters per liter) than in ambient CO(2) (330 microliters per liter). However, by 7 days when increases in overall growth (dry weight, leaf area) were visible, there was a significant decline (about 25%) in the leaf mineral content (N, P, K, Ca, Mg) and a drop in the activity of two enzymes of carbon fixation, carbonic anhydrase and ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate (RuBP) carboxylase under high CO(2). Although the activity of neither enzyme was altered in young, expanding leaves during the acclimation period, in mature leaves the activity of carbonic anhydrase was reduced 95% compared with a decline of 50% in ambient CO(2). The drop in RuBP carboxylase was less extreme with 40% of the initial activity retained in the high CO(2) compared with 50% in the ambient atmosphere. While CO(2) enrichment might alter the flow of carbon into the glycolate pathway by modifying the activities of carbonic anhydrase or RuBP carboxylase, there is no early change in the ability of photosynthetic tissue to oxidize glycolate to CO(2).

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