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Plant Physiol. 1973 Aug;52(2):87-92.

The Nutritional Role of Pistil Exudate in Pollen Tube Wall Formation in Lilium longiflorum: II. Production and Utilization of Exudate from Stigma and Stylar Canal.

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  • 1Department of Biology, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14214.


Detached pistils of Lilium longiflorum were labeled with d-glucose-U-(14)C 24 hours after anthesis and then sampled for the next 6 days to determine the appearance of label into exudate from the stylar canal and the stigmatic surface of the pistil. Results were obtained with unpollinated cv. Ace pistils and pollinated cv. Ace pistils, selfed or crossed (cv. Croft pollen). Limited data were also obtained on cv. Croft pistils, selfed or crossed (cv. Ace pollen).Exudate appeared in the canal and on the stigmatic surface soon after anthesis. In unpollinated pistils it continued to accumulate for about 5 days in the canal and for the full term of the experiment, 7 days, on the stigmatic surface. Canal exudate eventually mixed with stigmatic exudate in unpollinated pistils. Pollination interrupted the flow of exudate, and a portion of the pistil secretion product was diverted toward the synthetic requirements of the developing pollen tubes. Two days after pollination, the specific radioactivity of pollen tube cytoplasm had reached a level comparable to canal exudate. Twenty-four hours later, the specific radioactivity of pollen tube wall substance was about 80% of the value found in canal exudate. Similar patterns of (14)C incorporation and similar carbohydrate contents were obtained from self- and cross-pollinated pistils, although the former contained pollen tubes of less than one-half the length of the latter.

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