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Obstet Gynecol. 2006 May;107(5):1115-9.

Effect of protease inhibitor therapy on glucose intolerance in pregnancy.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Texas 75390-9032, USA.



To determine if protease inhibitor use was associated with increased glucose intolerance in our population of pregnant women infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).


Women who were infected with HIV from January 1, 1998, to January 8, 2004, and who had a 1-hour and 3-hour glucola test were identified. Medical records were reviewed to obtain demographic characteristics and obstetric and laboratory data. Drug regimens at the time of glucola testing were determined. Human immunodeficiency virus-infected women were then matched 1:3 to HIV-noninfected gravidas by race, age, and year of delivery.


One hundred seventy-one HIV-infected women had glucola results available. Twelve percent had an abnormal 1-hour glucola result and 3% had an abnormal 3-hour result. This was similar to the HIV-noninfected population. Forty-five percent of the HIV-infected cohort was on a protease inhibitor at the time of glucola testing. Protease inhibitor exposure had no effect on glucola test results. HIV infection itself also did not increase abnormal glucola test results.


Glucose intolerance in this obstetric population was not associated with the diagnosis of HIV or with the use of protease inhibitors. Protease inhibitors should continue to be an option for the treatment of HIV in pregnancy.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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