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Srp Arh Celok Lek. 2005 Sep-Oct;133(9-10):441-5.

[Adipose tissue as an endocrine organ].

[Article in Serbian]

Abstract

The traditional function attributed to white adipose tissue of energy storage in the form of triglycerides has been challenged by results from recent studies, showing that adipose tissue is, in fact, a highly active metabolic and endocrine organ. A radical change in perspective followed the discovery of a large number of proteins secreted from white adipocytes, such as leptin, resistin, adiponectin, adipsin, acylation-stimulating protein, angiotensinogen, tumour necrosis factor a, interleukin-6, retinol-binding protein, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, tissue factor, fasting-induced adipose factor, fibrinogen/angiopoetin-related protein, and metallothionein. The effects of specific proteins may be either autocrine or paracrine, meaning that they might act in adipose tissue itself or in more distant target tissues. Some of these proteins induce insulin resistance, some play a role in glucose and lipid metabolism, some are inflammatory cytokines, while others are involved in vascular haemostasis. The key challenges for future investigations of adipose tissue's secretory functions will be to identify all of its secreted proteins, to establish the function of each secreted protein, and to assess the pathophysiological consequences of changes in adipocyte protein production due to problems, such as obesity, fasting, or diabetes mellitus type 2.

PMID:
16640191
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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