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Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2006 May;10(3):107-13. Epub 2006 Apr 25.

A population based study of epilepsy in children from a Swedish county.

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  • 1Department of Women's and Children's Health/Neuropaediatrics, University Children's Hospital, S-751 85 Uppsala, Sweden.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Epidemiological studies of childhood epilepsy are of importance to compare incidence and prevalence rates, age distribution, inheritance, seizure types, epilepsy syndromes and treatment strategies.

AIM:

To perform an epidemiological study on children with epilepsy in a Swedish county using current ILAE classifications and a recent proposal.

METHODS:

A population-based study was performed using the hospital data register to select children aged 1 month to 16 years with the diagnosis 'convulsions' or 'epilepsy' recognized between January 1996 and December 2000. Only patients with active epilepsy were included.

RESULTS:

Two hundred and five children met the study criteria on the prevalence day 31st December, 2000. The total prevalence rate was 3.4/1,000 with a peak prevalence in the age group 8-11 years. The incidence year 2000 was 40/100,000. Additional neuroimpairments were registered in 47.3%. A majority of the patients, 54.0%, had focal or focal plus secondarily generalized seizures. A named syndrome could be diagnosed in 49.4%. The most common syndrome was rolandic epilepsy occurring in 17.0%. Childhood absence epilepsy occurred in 5.9%. Different disorders associated with epilepsy were found in 31.7%. The most common associated phenomenon was malformation of cortical development. Antiepileptic drug treatment was used in 81.0%, the most common first choice being valproate.

CONCLUSIONS:

The prevalence and incidence rates in this strictly delineated study are lower than those found in other epidemiological studies. Together with many divergences between reported studies concerning frequencies of different items, the results apparently depend on design, e.g. differences in age groups included, inclusion criteria used, and general methodology.

PMID:
16638642
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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