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Antiviral Res. 1991 Jul;16(1):101-14.

Phosphonylmethoxyalkyl purine and pyrimidine derivatives for treatment of opportunistic cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex virus infections in murine AIDS.

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  • 1University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia 29208.


Murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (MAIDS) was induced in C57BL/6 mice following infection with the LP-BM5 retrovirus complex. Infected mice developed splenomegaly, lymphadenopathy and loss of B- and T-cell functions 100 days after virus inoculation. Mice with AIDS were highly susceptible to opportunistic murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) and herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) infections. The therapeutic activities of two phosphonylmethoxyalkyl derivatives, 9-(2-phosphonylmethoxyethyl)adenine (PMEA) and (S)-1-(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonylmethoxy-propyl)cytosine (HPMPC), were evaluated in MAIDS immunosuppressed mice infected with MCMV or HSV-1. MCMV infection resulted in extensive viral replication in lung, liver and spleen and death occurred five to twelve days post-infection. Treatment with either HPMPC or ganciclovir (DHPG) reduced mortality and viral replication in target organs; however, HPMPC was as effective as DHPG at one-fifth the DHPG dose. Moreover, when a single dose (100 mg/kg) of HPMPC was administered 24 h prior to MCMV infection, it suppressed virus replication at seven and 14 days post-infection, thus resulting in a significant prolongation of life. PMEA was effective against opportunistic HSV-1 infections, but appeared to be less effective than HPMPC against MCMV infections. These results indicate that MAIDS can be used as a model for evaluating antivirals in an immunocompromised host, and suggest that both PMEA and HPMPC may be useful in the treatment of opportunistic CMV and HSV-1 infections.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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