Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Acad Emerg Med. 2006 Jul;13(7):707-14. Epub 2006 Apr 24.

Hyperbaric oxygen reduces acetaminophen toxicity and increases HIF-1alpha expression.

Author information

  • 1Program in Toxicology, Division of Emergency Medicine, Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.



To investigate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) on acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity. The authors further evaluated the effects of APAP poisoning and HBO2 on the expression and function of hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1alpha) in an effort to further describe the mechanisms of APAP-induced hepatotoxicity. In vitro assays were performed to better understand the effects of HBO2 on HIF-1alpha function.


In vivo, four groups of C57BL/6 mice were treated as follows: APAP only, APAP followed by HBO2, HBO2 only, and untreated shams. Plasma alanine aminotransferase activity was measured, and hepatic HIF-1alpha induction was determined by Western blot. In vitro, cultured HEP G2 hepatocytes were exposed to HBO2, hypoxia (2.5% O2), or normoxia. HIF-1alpha DNA-binding and transcriptional activity were assessed.


Alanine aminotransferase activity was reduced in the APAP+HBO2 group (2,606 IU/L +/- 4,080; vs. APAP: 6,743 +/- 3,397, p = 0.01 at 6 hours). APAP-only, HBO2-only, and APAP+HBO2 treatments all increased HIF-1alpha expression relative to shams (p = 0.02, p = 0.02, and p < 0.01, respectively). HBO2 increased HIF-1alpha DNA binding 5.7 (+/- 1.2)-fold relative to controls (p < 0.01); however, a parallel increase in HIF functional transcriptional activity did not occur.


Hyperbaric oxygen reduced early APAP-induced hepatocellular injury. APAP poisoning increases HIF-1alpha protein levels and functional activity. HBO2 increases HIF-1alpha protein levels and DNA binding without a corresponding increase in transcriptional activity.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Molecular Biology Databases

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Blackwell Publishing
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk