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World Psychiatry. 2004 Feb;3(1):6-11.

Functional neuroimaging in mental disorders.

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  • 1Section of Neuroimaging, Division of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry and King's College School of Medicine, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK.


Recent advances in functional neuroimaging allow us to map neural activity in the living human brain with precise spatial and temporal resolution and provide an unprecedented opportunity to examine the neurocognitive components of mental disorders. In this article we aim to summarize the main functional neuroimaging findings in the major psychiatric disorders and the different methodological approaches that have been used to study them. We will discuss studies of the resting state and of activation during the performance of cognitive tasks, and studies focused on specific psychiatric symptoms. We will also review work on functional connectivity, discuss future directions in the field and consider how functional neuroimaging may contribute to clinical practice.

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