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Neuropharmacology. 2006 Jul;51(1):27-36. Epub 2006 Apr 24.

L-type calcium channel ligands block nicotine-induced signaling to CREB by inhibiting nicotinic receptors.

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  • 1Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305-5345, USA.

Abstract

Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are inhibited by several drugs that are commonly thought to be specific for L-type calcium channels (LTCCs). In neurons, LTCCs are activated by nicotine-induced depolarization to engage downstream signaling events; however, the role of LTCC drug interactions with nAChRs in signaling has not been examined in detail. We investigated the effects of LTCC ligands on nAChR currents and downstream signaling in rat superior cervical ganglion (SCG) neurons. We found that 10microM nicotine and 40mM K(+) both reversibly depolarize SCG neurons to -20mV, sufficient to activate LTCCs and downstream signaling, including induction of nuclear phospho-CREB (pCREB); this induction was blocked by LTCC antagonists. Interestingly, the effects of LTCC antagonists on nicotine-induced signaling to CREB are not mediated by their actions on LTCCs, but rather via inhibition of nAChRs, which prevents nicotine-induced depolarization. We show that this effect is sufficient to block pCREB induction in neurons expressing an antagonist-insensitive LTCC. Taken together, our data show that, at concentrations typically used to block LTCCs, these antagonists inhibit nAChR currents and downstream signaling. These findings serve as a caution in attributing a role for LTCCs when using these drugs experimentally or therapeutically.

PMID:
16631827
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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