Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Curr Biol. 2006 Apr 18;16(8):825-31.

Long-range directional movement of an interphase chromosome site.

Author information

  • 1Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 61801, USA.


Increasing evidence suggests functional compartmentalization of interphase nuclei. This includes preferential interior localization of gene-rich and early replicating chromosome regions versus peripheral localization of gene-poor and late replicating chromosome regions , association of some active genes with nuclear speckles or transcription "factories", and association of transcriptionally repressed genes with heterochromatic regions. Dynamic changes in chromosome compartmentalization imply mechanisms for long-range interphase chromatin movements. However, live cell imaging in mammalian cells has revealed limited chromatin mobility, described as "constrained diffusion". None of these studies, though, have examined a chromosome locus undergoing an inducible repositioning between two different nuclear compartments. Here we demonstrate migration of an interphase chromosome site from the nuclear periphery to the interior 1-2 hr after targeting a transcriptional activator to this site. Spot redistribution is perturbed by specific actin or nuclear myosin I mutants. Extended periods of chromosome immobility are interspersed with several minute periods in which chromosomes move unidirectionally along curvilinear paths oriented roughly perpendicular to the nuclear envelope at velocities of 0.1-0.9 microm/min over distances of 1-5 microm. Our results suggest an active mechanism for fast and directed long-range interphase chromosome movements dependent directly or indirectly on actin/myosin.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for Faculty of 1000
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk