Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006 Apr;117(4):740-6; quiz 747.

Molecular basis of common variable immunodeficiency.

Author information

  • 1Division of Immunology, Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. emanuela.castigli@childrens.harvard.edu

Abstract

Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is the most prevalent human primary immunodeficiency requiring medical attention. Until recently, the only known genetic defect specific to CVID was the inducible costimulatory receptor (ICOS) deficiency, which accounts for less than 1% of the patients. Recently, mutations in the TNF receptor family member transmembrane activator and calcium-modulator and cyclophilin ligand interactor (TACI), which mediates isotype switching in B cells, were found to be present in 10% to 20% of patients with CVID. Mutations in TACI were also found in relatives of patients with CVID who had IgA deficiency (IgAD), as well as in a patient with isolated IgAD. In the majority of patients described to date, only one TACI allele is mutated, showing an autosomal dominant transmission of the disease. B cells from individuals with TACI mutations did not produce IgG and IgA in response to the TACI ligand a proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL), probably reflecting impaired isotype switching. These results suggest that TACI mutations can lead to CVID and IgAD.

Comment in

PMID:
16630927
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk