Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Natl Med Assoc. 2006 Apr;98(4):505-14.

Factors influencing behavioral intention regarding prostate cancer screening among older African-American men.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biostatistics, Bioinformatics and Epidemiology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston 29425, USA. fordmar@musc.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To assess factors associated with perceptions of prostate cancer screening among African-American men aged > or = 55 years based upon items developed using the Preventive Health model (PHM).

RESEARCH APPROACH:

Focus group research and thematic coding using content analysis.

SETTING:

A large midwestern, private, nonprofit health system.

PARTICIPANTS:

African-American men aged > or = 55 years. Focus group 1 included 10 men who ranged in age from 55-87 years, with a mean age of 73.4 years. The 11 participants in focus group 2 ranged in age from 55-81 years, with a mean age of 68.7 years.

METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH:

Focus group questions were developed based on the conceptual framework of the PHM. African-American men aged > or = 55 years were randomly selected from the patient population of the healthcare system to participate in one of two focus groups. Content analysis was used to code the focus group transcripts.

MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES:

Self-reported perceptions of prostate cancer screening.

FINDINGS:

Major themes emerging from the focus groups related to prostate cancer screening include: lack of knowledge regarding cancer, fear of cancer, confusion between prostate cancer screening and prostate cancer diagnostic tests, encouragement by others as motivation for cancer screening, intergenerational transfer of health information, lack of health insurance coverage as a barrier to prostate cancer screening and treatment, and limited availability of screening clinic hours during nonworking hours.

INTERPRETATION:

The information gained from this study could be used to develop interventions promoting informed and shared decision-making by patients and their providers regarding prostate cancer screening.

PMID:
16623062
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2569259
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk