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Head Neck. 2006 Jun;28(6):525-33.

Predictive value of laminin-5 and membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase expression for cervical lymph node metastasis in T1 and T2 squamous cell carcinomas of the tongue and floor of the mouth.

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  • 1Department of Oncological Science, Division of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Oita University, 1 Idaigaoka, Hasama-machi, Oita 879-5593, Japan. kekawano@med.oita-u.ac.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Laminin-5 (Ln-5) cleaved by membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) enhances the migration of tumor cells. The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not enhanced expression of both Ln-5 and MT1-MMP was associated with lymph node metastasis in patients with T1 and T2 squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the tongue and floor of the mouth.

METHODS:

By use of biopsy specimens of primary tumors from 57 patients, intratumoral expression of Ln-5 and MT1-MMP was evaluated immunohistochemically and its association with node metastasis analyzed.

RESULTS:

The tumors were categorized into three groups: Ln-5 focal type/MT1-MMP (-) (group I, n = 14), Ln-5 focal type/ MT1-MMP (+) and Ln-5 diffuse type/MT1-MMP (-) (group II, n = 16), and Ln-5 diffuse type/MT1-MMP (+) (group III, n = 27). The incidence of node metastasis (initial and latent metastases) was two of 14 (14.3%), five of 16 (31.3%), and 15 of 27 (55.6%) in groups I, II, and III, respectively. Multivariate analysis identified tumor thickness (odds ratio, 4.751; p = .0152) and Ln-5/ MT1-MMP expression (odds ratio, 3.795, p = .0304) as independent factors of node metastasis. Moreover, in 35 patients with N0 disease, Ln-5/MT1-MMP expression was the only parameter associated with latent node metastasis (odds ratio, 12.800, p = .0247).

CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that immunohistochemical evaluation of Ln-5 and MT1-MMP expression is useful for identifying patients with T1 and T2 SCC of the tongue and floor of the mouth who should be treated with elective neck dissection.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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