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Science. 2006 Apr 14;312(5771):242-6.

Piezoelectric nanogenerators based on zinc oxide nanowire arrays.

Author information

  • 1School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA. zhong.wang@mse.gatech.edu

Abstract

We have converted nanoscale mechanical energy into electrical energy by means of piezoelectric zinc oxide nanowire (NW) arrays. The aligned NWs are deflected with a conductive atomic force microscope tip in contact mode. The coupling of piezoelectric and semiconducting properties in zinc oxide creates a strain field and charge separation across the NW as a result of its bending. The rectifying characteristic of the Schottky barrier formed between the metal tip and the NW leads to electrical current generation. The efficiency of the NW-based piezoelectric power generator is estimated to be 17 to 30%. This approach has the potential of converting mechanical, vibrational, and/or hydraulic energy into electricity for powering nanodevices.

PMID:
16614215
[PubMed]
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