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Eur Respir J. 2006 Jul;28(1):24-30. Epub 2006 Apr 12.

Comparison of two commercial interferon-gamma assays for diagnosing Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection.

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  • 1Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Dept of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine University of Ulsan, 388-1 Pungnap-2dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul 138-736, South Korea.

Abstract

The clinical usefulness of ex vivo interferon-gamma assays may largely depend on the assay format and epidemiological status of tuberculosis (TB) in the region studied. From July 2004 to June 2005 a prospective comparison study was undertaken at a tertiary referral hospital in South Korea. The results of tuberculin skin tests (TST) and the commercially available QuantiFERON-TB Gold (QFT-G) and T SPOT-TB (SPOT) assays were compared in an intermediate TB-burden country. Of the 224 participants studied, results from all three tests (TST, QFT-G, and SPOT) were available in 218; 87 with active TB and 131 at a low risk for TB. Using 10 mm as a cut-off for TST, SPOT sensitivity (96.6%) was significantly higher than that seen for TST (66.7%) and QFT-G (70.1%). QFT-G showed superior specificity over TST (91.6 versus 78.6%). Although the specificity of QFT-G was higher than that of SPOT (91.6 versus 84.7%), the difference was not statistically significant. Whilst some differences were found in the performance of the two commercialised interferon-gamma assays, they seemed to be superior in their detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection compared with tuberculin skin tests. The most appropriate choice of interferon-gamma assay to use may depend on the clinical setting.

PMID:
16611658
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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