Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Dev Dyn. 2006 Jul;235(7):1727-37.

Understanding mechanisms of gamma-globin gene regulation to develop strategies for pharmacological fetal hemoglobin induction.

Author information

  • 1University of Texas at Dallas, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, Richardson, Texas 75083, USA.


The developmental regulation of gamma-globin gene expression has shaped research efforts to establish therapeutic modalities for individuals affected with sickle cell disease (SCD). Fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) synthesis is high at birth, followed by a decline to adult levels by 10 months of age. The expression of gamma-globin is controlled by a developmentally regulated transcriptional program that is recapitulated during normal erythropoiesis in the adult bone marrow. It is known that naturally occurring mutations in the gamma-gene promoters cause persistent Hb F synthesis after birth, which ameliorates symptoms in SCD by inhibiting hemoglobin S polymerization and vaso-occlusion. Several pharmacological agents have been identified over the past 2 decades that reactivate gamma-gene transcription through different cellular systems. We will review the progress made in our understanding of molecular mechanisms that control gamma-globin expression and insights gained from Hb F-inducing agents that act through signal transduction pathways.

(c) 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk