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Cardiology. 2006;106(1):14-21. Epub 2006 Apr 4.

Association between electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy with strain pattern and left ventricular structure and function.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan/University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. osogah56156@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) with strain pattern has been documented as a marker for LVH. Its presence on the ECG of hypertensive patients is associated with poor prognosis. The study was carried out to assess the association of the electrocardiographic strain with left ventricular mass (LVM) and function in hypertensive Nigerians.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

ECG as well as echocardiograms were performed in 64 hypertensive patients with ECG-LVH and strain pattern, 65 patients with ECG-LVH by Sokolow-Lyon (SL) voltage criteria and 62 normal controls.

RESULTS:

The study showed that electrocardiographic left ventricular (LV) strain pattern is associated with dilated left atrium, larger LV internal dimensions and greater absolute and indexed LVM in hypertensive Nigerians compared with ECG-LVH by SL voltage criteria alone or normal controls.

CONCLUSION:

The findings of this study support the fact that the ECG strain pattern is associated with increased LVM and an increased risk of developing abnormal LV geometry.

Copyright 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel

PMID:
16601328
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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