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Bioprocess Biosyst Eng. 2006 Jun;29(1):49-57. Epub 2006 Apr 6.

Very high ethanol productivity in an innovative continuous two-stage bioreactor with cell recycle.

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  • 1Biotechnology and Bioprocess Laboratory, UMR CNRS 5504 INRA 792, Toulouse Cedex, France.

Abstract

The performance of an innovative two-stage continuous bioreactor with cell recycle-potentially capable of giving very high ethanol productivity-was investigated. The first stage was dedicated to cell growth, whereas the second stage was dedicated to ethanol production. A high cell density was obtained by an ultrafiltration module coupled to the outlet of the second reactor. A recycle loop from the second stage to the first one was tested to improve cell viability and activity. Cultivations of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in mineral medium on glucose were performed at 30 degrees Celsius and pH 4. At steady state, total biomass concentrations of 59 and 157 gDCW l(-1) and ethanol concentrations of 31 and 65 g l(-1) were obtained in the first and second stage, respectively. The residual glucose concentration was 73 g l(-1) in the first stage and close to zero in the second stage. The present study shows that a very high ethanol productivity (up to 41 g l(-1) h(-1)) can indeed be obtained with complete conversion of the glucose and with a high ethanol titre (8.3 degrees GL) in the two-stage system.

PMID:
16598511
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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