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Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006 Apr;72(4):3042-5.

In vitro and in vivo survival and transit tolerance of potentially probiotic strains carried by artichokes in the gastrointestinal tract.

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  • 1Institute of Sciences of Food Production, National Research Council, Via Amendola 122/O, 70126 Bari, Italy.


The ability of potentially probiotic strains of Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus paracasei to survive on artichokes for at least 90 days was shown. The anchorage of bacterial strains to artichokes improved their survival in simulated gastrointestinal digestion. L. paracasei IMPC2.1 was further used in an artichoke human feeding study involving four volunteers, and it was shown that the organism could be recovered from stools.

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