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Int J Mol Med. 2006 May;17(5):791-4.

Polymorphism in ABCA1 influences CSF 24S-hydroxycholesterol levels but is not a major risk factor of Alzheimer's disease.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, University of Bonn, 53105 Bonn, Germany.


The ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) mediates reverse cholesterol transport, polymorphisms have been shown to influence the levels of cholesterol and of HDL and the risk of coronary artery disease. Since altered cholesterol metabolism is also involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD), the effects of two ABCA1 polymorphisms (G-395C promoter polymorphism (rs 2246293) and exonic R219K) on the risk of AD in 241 AD patients and 294 non-demented controls, and on CSF cholesterol and 24S-hydroxycholesterol in 74 AD patients and 42 non-demented controls were investigated. None of the investigated ABCA1 polymorphisms influenced the risk of AD. However, the ABCA1 G-395C polymorphism influenced CSF levels of 24S-hydroxycholesterol, but not of cholesterol, whereas the R219K influenced neither CSF levels of 24S-hydroxycholesterol nor cholesterol. Our data support the observation that ABCA1 polymorphisms influence cholesterol metabolism of the brain, but might not act as a major risk factor in AD.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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