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Br J Psychiatry. 2006 Apr;188:313-20.

Cognitive-behavioural therapy for severe and recurrent bipolar disorders: randomised controlled trial.

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  • 1Department of Psychological Medicine, PO Box 96, Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, UK. j.scott@iop.kcl.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Efficacy trials suggest that structured psychological therapies may significantly reduce recurrence rates of major mood episodes in individuals with bipolar disorders.

AIMS:

To compare the effectiveness of treatment as usual with an additional 22 sessions of cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT).

METHOD:

We undertook a multicentre, pragmatic, randomised controlled treatment trial (n=253). Patients were assessed every 8 weeks for 18 months.

RESULTS:

More than half of the patients had a recurrence by 18 months, with no significant differences between groups (hazard ratio=1.05; 95% CI 0.74-1.50). Post hoc analysis demonstrated a significant interaction (P=0.04) such that adjunctive CBT was significantly more effective than treatment as usual in those with fewer than 12 previous episodes, but less effective in those with more episodes.

CONCLUSIONS:

People with bipolar disorder and comparatively fewer previous mood episodes may benefit from CBT. However, such cases form the minority of those receiving mental healthcare.

Comment in

PMID:
16582056
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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