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Virology. 2006 Jun 20;350(1):67-78. Epub 2006 Mar 30.

Genome sequence and molecular characterization of Homalodisca coagulata virus-1, a novel virus discovered in the glassy-winged sharpshooter (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae).

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  • 1USDA ARS U.S. Horticultural Research Laboratory, 2001 S. Rock Rd., Ft. Pierce, FL 34945, USA.


The complete nucleotide sequence of a novel single-stranded RNA virus infecting the glassy-winged sharpshooter, Homalodisca coagulata, has been determined. In silico analysis of H. coagulata virus-1 (HoCV-1) revealed a 9321-nt polyadenylated genome encoding two large open reading frames (ORF1 and ORF2) separated by a 182-nt intergenic region (IGR). The deduced amino acid sequence of the 5'-proximal ORF (ORF1, nt 420-5807) exhibited conserved core motifs characteristic of the helicases, cysteine proteases, and RNA-dependent RNA polymerases of other insect-infecting picorna-like viruses. A structural model created using Mfold exposed a series of stem loop (SL) structures immediately preceding the second ORF which are analogous to an internal ribosome entry site (IRES), suggesting that ORF2 begins with a noncognate GCA triplet rather than the canonical AUG. This 3' ORF2 (5990-8740) showed significant similarity to the structural proteins of members of the family Dicistroviridae, particularly those belonging to the genus Cripavirus. Evidence demonstrating relatedness of these viruses regarding genome organization, amino acid sequence similarity, and putative replication strategy substantiate inclusion of HoCV-1 into this taxonomic position.

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