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J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2006 Mar;6(3):830-6.

Synthesis and luminescence properties of lanthanide (III)-doped YF3 nanoparticles.

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  • 1Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, P R China.


Synthesis process and luminescence properties of trivalent lanthanide ions (Ln3+) doped YF3 nanoparticles have been investigated. To synthesis Ln(3+)-doped YF3 nanoparticles, the mixture of (YCl3 x nH2O + LnCl3 x nH2O), and NH4F was hydrothermal treated at 180 degrees C in a Teflon-liner auto-clave or heated at higher temperatures (400 degrees C - 600 degrees C) in a stove. The XRD patterns showed that the Ln(3+)-doped orthorhombic YF3 nanoparticles with no second phase have been prepared. The solid solution Y(1-x)Eu(x)F3 (x = 0 - 0.4) nanoparticles have been synthesized. The luminescence concentration quenching resulted from resonance energy transfer between neighboring Eu3+ ions occurred at higher Eu3+ concentrations (30 mol%). The upconversion luminescence of Er(3+)-Yb3+ codoped YF3 nanoparticles under 980 nm excitation has also been observed. With increase of heated temperature, the size of the Er(3+)-Yb3+ codoped YF3 nanoparticles increased gradually, and upconversion luminescence intensity increased significantly.

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