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J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2006 Mar;6(3):756-61.

Synthesis of nanocrystalline La(Ca)CrO3 through a novel gel combustion process and its characterization.

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  • 1Energy Conversion Materials Section, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Vashi Complex, Navi Mumbai 400705, India.


La(Ca)CrO3 (LCC) powders have been prepared through a novel gel combustion route using metal nitrates as oxidizers and ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) as a fuel. The process involves the combustion of a viscous gel obtained through mixed metal nitrate-EDTA solution. The effect of amount of EDTA used in the process on the nature of combustion reaction, phase formation, and densification has been studied. It was found that use of the fuel-rich precursor facile in controlling the reaction, which in turn helps in the scale up of the batch size. The calcination of the fuel-rich gel precursor at 650 degrees C resulted in the well-crystalline LCC along with a small amount of calcium chromate as a secondary phase. The HRSEM studies on the powder showed agglomerated nanoparticles. The average agglomerate size was found to be 0.54 microm. The cold pressing and sintering of the calcined powder at 1250 degrees C resulted in the mono-phasic La0.70Ca0.30CrO3 with 94% of its theoretical density. The sintered sample exhibited conductivity of 51 S/cm at 1000 degrees C. The average linear thermal expansion coefficient was found to be 10.3 x 10(-6) degrees C(-1).

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