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J Phys Chem B. 2006 Apr 6;110(13):7073-8.

Solvatochromic parameters for binary mixtures of 1-(1-butyl)-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate with some protic molecular solvents.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11365-9516, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

The solvatochromic parameters (ET(N), normalized polarity parameter; pi*, dipolarity/polarizability; beta, hydrogen-bond acceptor basicity; alpha, hydrogen-bond donor acidity) were determined for binary solvent mixtures of 1-(1-butyl)-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([bmim]BF4) with water, methanol, and ethanol at 25 degrees C over the whole range of mole fractions. In nonaqueous solutions, the value of the mixture increases with mole the fraction of [bmim]BF4 and then decreases gradually to the value of pure [bmim]BF4. Positive deviation from ideal behavior was observed for the solvent parameters ET(N), pi*, and alpha, whereas the deviation of the beta parameter is negative. The applicability of the combined nearly ideal binary solvent/Redlich-Kister equation for the correlation of various solvatochromic parameters with solvent composition was proved too for the first time. This equation provides a simple computational model to correlate and/or predict various solvatochromic parameters for many binary solvent systems. The correlation between the calculated and the experimental values of various parameters was in accordance with this model. Solute-solvent and solvent-solvent interactions have been applied for interpretation of the results.

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