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J Phys Chem B. 2006 Apr 6;110(13):6516-25.

Prolongation of the lifetime of the charge-separated state at low temperatures in a photoinduced electron-transfer system of [60]fullerene and ferrocene moieties tethered by rotaxane structures.

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  • 1Department of Organic and Polymeric Materials, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Ookayama 2-12-1, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8552, Japan.


A rotaxane tethering both fullerene (C60) and ferrocene (Fc) moieties (abbreviated as (C60;Fc)rotax+) was synthesized in a good yield by the urethane end-capping of pseudorotaxane based on the crown ether-secondary amine motif. In (C60;Fc)rotax+, the C60 group serving as an electron acceptor is attached to the crown ether wheel, through which the axle with a Fc group acting as an electron donor on its end penetrates. The intrarotaxane photoinduced energy-transfer and electron-transfer processes between C60 and Fc in (C60;Fc)rotax+ have been investigated by time-resolved transient absorption and fluorescence measurements with changing solvent polarity. Nanosecond transient absorption measurements of the rotaxane demonstrated that the charge-separated state (C60*-;Fc*+)rotax+ is formed mainly via the excited triplet state of C60 in polar solvents. The lifetime of (C60*-;Fc*+)rotax+ was evaluated to be 20 ns in dimethylformamide (DMF) at room temperature. With lowing temperature, the lifetime of (C60*-;Fc*+)rotax+ extends to 270 ns in DMF at -65 degrees C, due to the structural changes leaving C60*- and Fc*+ at a relatively long distance in the low-temperature region.

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