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Transplantation. 2006 Mar 27;81(6):874-80.

Kidney transplantation with concomitant unilateral nephrectomy: a matched-pair analysis on complications and outcome.

Author information

  • 1Department of General and Digestive Surgery, University of Freiburg, Hugstetter Strasse 55, D-79106 Freiburg i. Brsg., Germany. oliverdrognitz@web.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We sought to determine the impact of kidney transplantation with simultaneous unilateral nephrectomy on perioperative morbidity and patient and graft survival.

METHODS:

From January 1990 to May 2004, 75 kidney transplantations with simultaneous unilateral nephrectomy (group NE+) were performed at the University of Freiburg. Of these, 49 had polycystic kidney disease. Patients of group NE+ were matched with 75 kidney transplants without nephrectomy (group NE-). Immunosuppressive maintenance therapy in both groups was based on cyclosporine A, mycophenolate mofetil or azathioprine, and prednisone. Mean follow up was 4.1 yrs (range 0.3-11.7 yrs).

RESULTS:

Patient survival rate at 1 and 5 yrs was 95% and 84% versus 95% and 93% in group NE+ and NE-, resp. (P=0.56). Accordingly, kidney function rate was 85% and 74% in group NE+ versus 89% and 79% in group NE- (P=0.89). Perioperative (90 days) mortality rate in group NE+ was 1.3% and 2.7% in group NE- (P=0.56). Perioperative surgical complications were similar in both groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Kidney transplantation with concomitant unilateral nephrectomy has no negative impact on patient or graft survival and is associated with a reasonable morbidity rate.

PMID:
16570011
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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