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Transplantation. 2006 Mar 27;81(6):853-5.

Successful organ transplantation from donors with Acinetobacter baumannii septic shock.

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  • 1Department of General Intensive Care, Rabin Medical Center, Campus Beilinson, Petah Tikva 49100, Israel.


Donor bacteremia with severe sepsis, especially due to gram-negative organisms, has been considered a contraindication to transplantation. Over a 6-month period we prospectively collected standardized data on all brain-dead, heart-beating organ donors with gram negative bacteremia and septic shock and the recipients of their organs in hospitals throughout Israel. Donors were treated with appropriate antibiotics for at least 48 hr prior to organ retrieval while recipients received 7 days of culture-specific antibiotics following transplantation. In total, 12 organs were transplanted (5 kidneys, 2 livers, 3 lungs and 2 hearts) from 3 donors with Acinetobacter baumannii bacteremia and septic shock. All patients were alive with good graft function 60 days following transplantation, apart from one of the heart recipients who died of primary nonfunction on the second postoperative day. Two recipients developed postoperative infections, none with Acinetobacter sp. (one Pseudomonas sp. urinary tract infection, one Klebsiella sp. central venous catheter sepsis).

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