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J Fam Psychol. 2006 Mar;20(1):156-9.

Predicting marital distress and dissolution: refining the two-factor hypothesis.

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  • 1Department of Clinical and Social Psychology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA. rogge@psych.rochester.edu

Abstract

Measures of communication, hostility, and neuroticism taken from 85 couples from Germany before marriage were used to predict marital outcomes 5 years later. Hostility and neuroticism discriminated between couples who separated or divorced after 5 years and those who remained married, whereas communication discriminated between married-satisfied and married- dissatisfied couples. Only hostility and neuroticism predicted marital satisfaction at 18 months, suggesting that these factors contribute to rapid, early declines in marital functioning. The authors conclude that poor communication alone cannot account for the full range of marital outcomes and that skill-based models of marriage can be strengthened by considering relatively rare exchanges between partners (e.g., aggression) and their enduring vulnerabilities (e.g., neuroticism).

Copyright 2006 APA, all rights reserved.

PMID:
16569100
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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