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Diabetes Care. 2006 Apr;29(4):811-7.

Translating the chronic care model into the community: results from a randomized controlled trial of a multifaceted diabetes care intervention.

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  • 1Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.



To determine whether using the chronic care model (CCM) in an underserved community leads to improved clinical and behavioral outcomes for people with diabetes.


This multilevel, cluster-design, randomized controlled trial examined the effectiveness of a CCM-based intervention in an underserved urban community. Eleven primary care practices, along with their patients, were randomized to three groups: CCM intervention (n = 30 patients), provider education only (PROV group) (n = 38), and usual care (UC group) (n = 51).


A marked decline in HbA(1c) was observed in the CCM group (-0.6%, P = 0.008) but not in the other groups. The magnitude of the association remained strong after adjustment for clustering (P = 0.01). The same pattern was observed for a decline in non-HDL cholesterol and for the proportion of participants who self-monitor blood glucose in the CCM group (non-HDL cholesterol: -10.4 mg/dl, P = 0.24; self-monitor blood glucose: +22.2%, P < 0.0001), with statistically significant between-group differences in improvement (non-HDL cholesterol: P = 0.05; self-monitor blood glucose: P = 0.03) after adjustment. The CCM group also showed improvement in HDL cholesterol (+5.5 mg/dl, P = 0.0004), diabetes knowledge test scores (+6.7%, P = 0.07), and empowerment scores (+2, P = 0.02).


These results suggest that implementing the CCM in the community is effective in improving clinical and behavioral outcomes in patients with diabetes.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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