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Diabetes Care. 2006 Apr;29(4):811-7.

Translating the chronic care model into the community: results from a randomized controlled trial of a multifaceted diabetes care intervention.

Author information

  • 1Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. piattg@upmc.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether using the chronic care model (CCM) in an underserved community leads to improved clinical and behavioral outcomes for people with diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

This multilevel, cluster-design, randomized controlled trial examined the effectiveness of a CCM-based intervention in an underserved urban community. Eleven primary care practices, along with their patients, were randomized to three groups: CCM intervention (n = 30 patients), provider education only (PROV group) (n = 38), and usual care (UC group) (n = 51).

RESULTS:

A marked decline in HbA(1c) was observed in the CCM group (-0.6%, P = 0.008) but not in the other groups. The magnitude of the association remained strong after adjustment for clustering (P = 0.01). The same pattern was observed for a decline in non-HDL cholesterol and for the proportion of participants who self-monitor blood glucose in the CCM group (non-HDL cholesterol: -10.4 mg/dl, P = 0.24; self-monitor blood glucose: +22.2%, P < 0.0001), with statistically significant between-group differences in improvement (non-HDL cholesterol: P = 0.05; self-monitor blood glucose: P = 0.03) after adjustment. The CCM group also showed improvement in HDL cholesterol (+5.5 mg/dl, P = 0.0004), diabetes knowledge test scores (+6.7%, P = 0.07), and empowerment scores (+2, P = 0.02).

CONCLUSIONS:

These results suggest that implementing the CCM in the community is effective in improving clinical and behavioral outcomes in patients with diabetes.

PMID:
16567820
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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