Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2006 May 26;281(21):14654-62. Epub 2006 Mar 27.

BRCA1 modulates xenobiotic stress-inducible gene expression by interacting with ARNT in human breast cancer cells.

Author information

  • 1Department of Oncology, Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University, 3970 Reservoir Road NW, Washington, DC 20057, USA.


Previously, we have reported that BRCA1 regulates the expression of various classes of genes, including genes involved in xenobiotic stress responses (Bae, I., Fan, S., Meng, Q., Rih, J. K., Kim, H. J., Kang, H. J., Xu, J., Goldberg, I. D., Jaiswal, A. K., and Rosen, E. M. (2004) Cancer Res. 64, 7893-7909). In the present study, we have investigated the effects of BRCA1 on xenobiotic stress-inducible gene expression. In response to aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) ligands, cytoplasmic AhR becomes activated and then translocates to the nucleus where it forms a complex with the aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT). Subsequently, the AhR.ARNT complex binds to the enhancer or promoter of genes containing a xenobiotic stress-responsive element and regulates the expression of multiple target genes including cytochrome P450 subfamily polypeptide 1 (CYP1A1). In this study, we have found that endogenous and overexpressed exogenous wild-type BRCA1 affect xenobiotic stress-induced CYP1A1 gene expression. Using a standard chromatin immunoprecipitation assay, we have demonstrated that BRCA1 is recruited to the promoter regions of CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 along with ARNT and/or AhR following xenobiotic exposure. Our findings suggest that BRCA1 may be physiologically important for mounting a normal response to xenobiotic insults and that it may function as a coactivator for ARNT activity. Using immunoprecipitation, Western blotting, and glutathione S-transferase capture assays, a xenobiotic-independent interaction between BRCA1 and ARNT has been identified, although it is not yet known whether this is a direct or indirect interaction. We have also found that the inducibility of CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 transcripts following xenobiotic stress was significantly attenuated in BRCA1 knockdown cells. This reduced inducibility is associated with an altered stability of ARNT and was almost completely reversed in cells transfected with an ARNT expression vector. Finally, we have found that xenobiotic (TCDD) treatments of breast cancer cells containing reduced levels of BRCA1 cause the transcription factor ARNT to become unstable.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk