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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1991 Oct 1;88(19):8505-9.

Targeting of transgene expression to monocyte/macrophages by the gp91-phox promoter and consequent histiocytic malignancies.

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  • 1Division of Hematology/Oncology, Children's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115.


A component of a heterodimeric cytochrome b, designated gp91-phox, is required for the microbicidal activity of phagocytic cells and is expressed exclusively in differentiated myelomonocytic cells (granulocytes; monocyte/macrophages). In an attempt to identify cis-elements responsible for this restricted pattern of expression, we produced transgenic mice carrying reporter genes linked to the human gp91-phox promoter. Immunohistochemical and RNA analyses indicate that 450 base pairs of the proximal gp91-phox promoter is sufficient to target reporter expression to a subset of monocyte/macrophages. Mice expressing simian virus 40 large tumor antigen under control of the gp91-phox promoter develop monocyte/macrophage-derived malignancies with complete penetrance at 6-12 mo of age and provide an animal model of true histiocytic lymphoma. As these transgenes are inactive in most phagocytic cells that express the endogenous gp91-phox-encoding gene, we infer that additional genomic regulatory elements are necessary for appropriate targeting to the full complement of phagocytes in vivo.

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