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Mutat Res. 2006 Jul 25;599(1-2):116-23. Epub 2006 Mar 27.

Homologous recombination is involved in repair of chromium-induced DNA damage in mammalian cells.

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  • 1The Institute for Cancer Studies, University of Sheffield, Medical School, Beech Hill Road, Sheffield S10 2RX, UK.


Chromium is a potent human carcinogen, probably because of its well-documented genotoxic effects. Chromate (Cr[VI]) causes a wide range of DNA lesions, including DNA crosslinks and strand breaks, presumably due to the direct and indirect effects of DNA oxidation. Homologous recombination repair (HRR) is important for error-free repair of lesions occurring at replication forks. Here, we show that HR deficient cell lines irs1SF and V-C8, deficient in XRCC3 and BRCA2, respectively, are hypersensitive to Cr[VI], implicating this repair pathway in repair of Cr[VI] damage. Furthermore, we find that Cr[VI] causes DNA double-strand breaks and triggers both Rad51 foci formation and induction of HRR. Collectively, these data suggest that HRR is important in repair of Cr[VI]-induced DNA damage. In addition, we find that ERCC1, XRCC1 and DNA-PKcs defective cells are hypersensitive to Cr[VI], indicating that several repair pathways cooperate in repairing Cr[VI]-induced DNA damage.

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