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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 May 12;343(3):848-56. Epub 2006 Mar 20.

Protein kinase Cdelta signaling downstream of the EGF receptor mediates migration and invasiveness of prostate cancer cells.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh, School of Medicine, Pittsburgh VAMC, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA.


Tumor progression to the invasive phenotype occurs secondary to upregulated signaling from growth factor receptors that drive key cellular responses like proliferation, migration, and invasion. We hypothesized that Protein kinase Cdelta (PKCdelta)-mediated transcellular contractility is required for migration and invasion of prostate tumor cells. Two invasive human prostate cancer cell lines, DU145 cells overexpressing wildtype human EGFR (DU145WT) and PC3 cells, were studied. PKCdelta is overexpressed in these cells relative to normal prostate epithelial cells, and is activated downstream of EGFR leading to cell motility via modulation of myosin light chain activity. Abrogation of PKCdelta using Rottlerin and specific siRNA significantly decreased migration and invasion of both cell lines in vitro. Both PKCdelta and phosphorylated PKCdelta protein levels were higher in human prostate cancer tissue relative to normal donor prostate as assessed by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. Thus, we conclude that PKCdelta inhibition can limit migration and invasion of prostate cancer cells.

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