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Uirusu. 2005 Dec;55(2):273-9.

[Multiple isoforms of cyclophilin A associated with human immunodeficiency virus type 1].

[Article in Japanese]

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  • 1Department of Pharmaceutical Biochemistry, Graduate School of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Japan.


It is well-known that a peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase cyclophilin A (CyPA) is incorporated into Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) particle. The proteome analysis of the purified HIV-1 strain LAV-1 (HIV-1(LAV-1)) reveals that three isoforms of CyPA with an isoelectric point (pI) of 6.00, 6.40, and 6.53 are inside the viral membrane and another isoform with a pI of 6.88 is outside the viral membrane; and that the CyPA isoform with a pI of 6.53 is N-acetylated. The mechanisms that permit the redistribution of CyPA with a pI of 6.88 on the viral surface have not yet been clarified, but it penetrates the viral membrane after budding.

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