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Development. 2006 May;133(9):1645-55. Epub 2006 Mar 22.

NUBBIN and JAGGED define stamen and carpel shape in Arabidopsis.

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  • 1Division of Biological Sciences, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.

Erratum in

  • Development. 2005 Jun;133(11):2285.


Differential growth of tissues during lateral organ development is essential for producing variation in shape and size. Previous studies have identified JAGGED (JAG), a gene that encodes a putative C2H2 zinc-finger transcription factor, as a key regulator of shape that promotes growth in lateral organs. Although JAG expression is detected in all floral organs, loss-of-function jag alleles have their strongest effects on sepal and petal development, suggesting that JAG may act redundantly with other factors in stamens and carpels. Here, we show that NUBBIN (NUB), a gene closely related to JAG, is responsible for this redundancy. Unlike JAG, NUB is exclusively expressed in leaves, stamens and carpels, and briefly in petal primordia. Furthermore, whereas JAG expression extends into all cell layers of lateral organs, NUB is restricted to the interior adaxial side. Our analysis focuses on stamen and gynoecium development, where we find that NUB acts redundantly with JAG to promote the growth of the pollen-bearing microsporangia of the anthers and the carpel walls of the gynoecium, which enclose the ovules. JAG and NUB also act redundantly to promote the differentiation of adaxial cell types in the carpel walls, and in the establishment of the correct number of cell layers. The important role these two factors play in regulating organ growth is further demonstrated by gain-of-function experiments showing that ectopic NUB expression is sufficient to drive the proliferation of tissues and the amplification of cell-layer number.

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