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Pharmacotherapy. 2006 Apr;26(4):515-21.

Minocycline for short-term neuroprotection.

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  • 1Program in Clinical and Experimental Therapeutics, College of Pharmacy, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30912, USA.


Minocycline is a widely used tetracycline antibiotic. For decades, it has been used to treat various gram-positive and gram-negative infections. Minocycline was recently shown to have neuroprotective properties in animal models of acute neurologic injury. As a neuroprotective agent, the drug appears more effective than other treatment options. In addition to its high penetration of the blood-brain barrier, minocycline is a safe compound commonly used to treat chronic infections. Its several mechanisms of action in neuroprotection -- antiinflammatory and antiapoptotic effects, and protease inhibition -- make it a desirable candidate as therapy for acute neurologic injury, such as ischemic stroke. Minocycline is ready for clinical trials of acute neurologic injury.

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