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Anesth Analg. 2006 Apr;102(4):1280-4.

The effects of test temperature and storage temperature on platelet aggregation: a whole blood in vitro study.

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  • 1Department of General Anesthesiology and Intensive Care (B), Vienna Medical University, Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

We systematically evaluated the effects of test temperature and storage temperature on platelet aggregation using flow cytometry and impedance aggregometry. Aliquots of citrated whole blood from 27 healthy adult male volunteers were stored at 37 degrees C and 22 degrees C. Aliquots were subjected to impedance aggregometry in response to collagen, adenosine diphosphate, ristocetin, and arachidonic acid performed at 22 degrees C, 34 degrees C, 37 degrees C, and 40 degrees C. The expression of activated fibrinogen receptor was determined on adenosine diphosphate-activated platelets at 22 degrees C and 37 degrees C by whole blood flow cytometry using PAC-1 for fluorescent staining. Aggregation induced by collagen, ristocetin, and arachidonic acid was not significantly different at the test temperatures of 34 degrees C and 37 degrees C but was significantly impaired at 22 degrees C. In contrast, adenosine diphosphate-induced aggregation was significantly increased at both 34 degrees C and 22 degrees C. Hyperthermia exclusively impaired collagen-induced aggregation. Storage temperature of 22 degrees C exclusively enhanced adenosine diphosphate- and collagen-induced aggregation compared with storage at 37 degrees C. The binding of PAC-1 was enhanced at test temperatures below 37 degrees C. Prewarming the antibody above 22 degrees C significantly decreased binding. Our results suggest that mild hypothermic test conditions have no relevant effect, whereas profound hypothermia induces defects in adhesion, thromboxane generation, and activation. The pathomechanism for the increased response to adenosine diphosphate at mild and profound hypothermia remains unclear. Storage temperature considerably affects the aggregation response to the agonists adenosine diphosphate and collagen but not to arachidonic acid and ristocetin. Flow cytometry using the temperature-labile antibody PAC-1 fails to assess temperature effects on platelet aggregability.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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