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J Prim Prev. 2006 Mar;27(2):195-215. Epub 2006 Mar 21.

Training and motivational factors as predictors of job satisfaction and anticipated job retention among implementers of a school-based prevention program.

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  • 1University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, USA.


Despite increasing dissemination of prevention programs, little is known about program implementers, including factors that promote satisfying job roles. Using Self-Determination Theory as a conceptual framework, we surveyed 128 implementers of the widely disseminated Primary Mental Health Project. Implementers reported 7.1 years average experience on the job (range 1-25 years), and 55% had two or more years of college. In a multivariate regression model, predictors of higher job satisfaction were: lower education level; positive perceptions of supervision and continuing education opportunities; and satisfaction at work of needs for autonomy and competence. For implementers with </=3 years experience, satisfaction of competence needs predicted job satisfaction; for implementers with >3 years experience, satisfaction of needs for autonomy and for relatedness predicted job satisfaction. Contrary to expectations, job satisfaction was unrelated to anticipated job retention.

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