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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2006 Feb;1761(2):256-60. Epub 2006 Mar 3.

Down-regulation of apolipoprotein M expression is mediated by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase in HepG2 cells.

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  • 1Section of Clinical Chemistry & Pharmacology, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Lunds University, S-221 85 Lund, Sweden.


Apolipoprotein M (apoM) is a novel apolipoprotein present mostly in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in human plasma. In the present study, we demonstrate that insulin, insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), and IGF-I potential peptide (IGF-IPP) significantly inhibits apoM expression, in a dose- and a time-dependent manner, in the human hepatoma cell line, HepG2 cells. Insulin-induced down-regulation of apoM was blocked by AG1024 (a specific insulin receptor inhibitor) and LY294002 (a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor), which indicates that it is mediated via the activation of PI3K pathway. In contrast, PD98059 (a MAP kinase inhibitor) did not influence insulin-induced down-regulation of apoM expression, and activation of neither PPAR-alpha agonist (GW7647) nor PPAR-gamma agonist (GW1929) influences apoM expression in HepG2 cells, which indicates that regulation of apoM expression is not related to the activation of PPAR-alpha and PPAR-gamma in hepatic cells, whereas, both PPAR-alpha and PPAR-gamma agonists could inhibit apoB expression. Moreover, in the present study, we demonstrated that PPAR beta/delta agonist (GW501516) could inhibit both apoM and apoB expression in the HepG2 cells. In conclusion, this study shows that apoM expression is regulated by PI3-kinase in HepG2-cells.

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