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J Food Prot. 2006 Mar;69(3):651-9.

Burden and cost of gastroenteritis in a Canadian community.

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  • 1Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1.


This study estimated the health burden and costs associated with gastroenteritis in the City of Hamilton (Ontario, Canada). The number of cases, number of different resource units used, and cost per resource unit were represented by probability distributions and point estimates. These were subsequently integrated in a stochastic model to estimate the overall burden and cost in the population and to depict the uncertainty of the estimates. The estimated mean annual cost per capita was Can dollar 115. The estimated mean annual cost per case was Can dollar 1,089 and was similar to other published figures. Gastroenteritis represented a significant burden in the study population, with costs high enough to justify prevention efforts. These results, currently the most accurate available estimates for a Canadian population, can inform future economic evaluations to determine the most cost effective measures for reducing the burden and cost of gastroenteritis in the community.

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