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Eur J Pharm Biopharm. 2006 Jun;63(2):215-20. Epub 2006 Mar 10.

In vivo induction of mucosal immune responses by intranasal administration of chitosan microspheres containing Bordetella bronchiseptica DNT.

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  • 1Department of Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

In vitro immune-stimulating activities of Bordetella bronchiseptica dermonecrotoxin (BBD)-loaded in chitosan microspheres (CMs) were reported with a mouse alveolar macrophage cell line (RAW264.7). Based on the report, in vivo activity of immune-induction was investigated by intranasal administration of the BBD-loaded CMs into mice. BBD was loaded into the CMs prepared by an ionic gelation process with tripolyphosphate. Mice were immunized by direct administration of the BBD-loaded CMs into the nasal cavity. After immunization of the mice, BBD-specific immune responses (IgG and IgA titers) were measured in sera, nasal wash, and saliva by ELISA. BBD-specific IgA titers in the nasal cavity were time- and dose-dependently increased by the administration. Similar phenomena were observed in the analysis of systemic IgA and IgG in sera. However, the antibody in saliva was undetectable by ELISA. These results suggested that direct vaccination via the nasal cavity was effective for targeting nasal-associated lymphoid tissues, and that CMs were an efficient adjuvant in nasal mucosal immunity for atrophic rhinitis vaccine.

PMID:
16531027
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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