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Biosens Bioelectron. 2006 Dec 15;22(5):644-8. Epub 2006 Mar 10.

Label-free reading of microarray-based proteins with high throughput surface plasmon resonance imaging.

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  • 1School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University of Science and Technology, Xiangtan 411201, China.


A simple method is presented discriminating proteins at a gold surface by using an emerging technology, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) imaging. As a high throughput method, the protein array of bovine serum albumin (BSA), poly-l-lysine (PL), casein and lactate dehydrogenase (LDG) was fabricated and SPR imaging enables detection from different kinds of proteins immobilized on the sensor surface. These proteins can be discriminated directly by various reflected intensity or changing the incident angular position of light. Denaturation of these immobilized proteins on SPR sensor by interacting with denaturant 6M GdnHCl solution was also performed and obvious changes in reflected intensity were occurred after denaturation. The observation of denaturation of these proteins further supported the fact that different proteins could be discriminated on protein array before denaturation. On the other hand, the procedure of denaturation provided useful information that any change of molecular structure with the progress of denaturation would result in change of SPR signal. Excellent reproducibility with a chip-to-chip for label-free discriminating various proteins was achieved.

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