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Nat Clin Pract Oncol. 2006 Mar;3(3):165-8; quiz 169.

Sustained remission from angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma induced by alemtuzumab.

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  • 1Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520-8021, USA.



A 73-year-old woman presented with acute lower back pain, fever, chills and arthralgias. She had previously had a positive protein derivative test with a negative chest X-ray; her medical history was also remarkable for a mitral valve prolapse. Initial symptoms resolved spontaneously without therapy, but fever recurred with associated arthralgias, myalgias, diffuse and worsening lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and bilateral pulmonary infiltrates.


Physical examination, blood and urine cultures, MRI of the spine, echocardiogram, extensive serologies, serum and urine protein electrophoresis, immunofixation electrophoresis, bone-marrow aspiration and biopsy with flow cytometry, cytogenetics, and gene rearrangement studies, CT scan of the chest, abdomen and pelvis, whole-body PET, and lymph-node biopsy for histological examination, immunohistochemistry, and gene rearrangement studies.


Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma.


Steroids (prednisone, methylprednisolone), levofloxacin, isoniazid with pyridoxine, ciclosporin A, methotrexate, alemtuzumab, broad-spectrum antibiotics, Pneumocystis carinii prophylaxis, vancomycin, and clindamycin.

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