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J Dairy Sci. 2006 Mar;89(3):905-11.

Comparative study on shelf life of whole milk processed by high-intensity pulsed electric field or heat treatment.

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  • 1Department of Food Technology UTPV-CeRTA, University of Lleida Rovira Roure 191, 25198 Lleida, Spain.


The effect of high-intensity pulsed electric fields (HI-PEF) processing (35.5 kV/cm for 1,000 or 300 micros with bipolar 7-micros pulses at 111 Hz; the temperature outside the chamber was always < 40 degrees C) on microbial shelf life and quality-related parameters of whole milk were investigated and compared with traditional heat pasteurization (75 degrees C for 15 s), and to raw milk during storage at 4 degrees C. A HIPEF treatment of 1,000 micros ensured the microbiological stability of whole milk stored for 5 d under refrigeration. Initial acidity values, pH, and free fatty acid content were not affected by the treatments; and no proteolysis and lipolysis were observed during 1 wk of storage in milk treated by HIPEF for 1,000 micros. The whey proteins (serum albumin, beta-lactoglobulin, and alpha-lactalbumin) in HIPEF-treated milk were retained at 75.5, 79.9, and 60%, respectively, similar to values for milk treated by traditional heat pasteurization.

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