Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Microbes Infect. 2006 Apr;8(4):984-93. Epub 2006 Jan 17.

Requirement of E7 oncoprotein for viability of HeLa cells.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Gene Analysis, Department of Viral Oncology, Institute for Virus Research, Kyoto University, Sakyo-Ku, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan.

Abstract

Most human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive cervical cancers contain integrated copies of the viral genome in their chromosomes and express the viral oncoproteins E6 and E7. A virus-encoded transcription factor, E2, is known to repress E6/E7 expression in HPV-positive cancer cells, leading to growth inhibition, which indicates that E6/E7 is required for the survival of the cells. We found that the E2-mediated growth inhibition of HeLa cells, an HPV18-positive cancer cell line, was coupled with a reduction in telomerase activity, an effect which was rescued by the complementation of E7 expression, but not E6 expression, indicating that the cell viability and the telomerase activity in HeLa cells are maintained by an E7-associated function. Analysis of E7 mutants suggested that the binding to the pRB family of pocket proteins was involved in the ability of E7 to rescue the growth potential and telomerase activity inhibited by E2 expression. We also showed that the telomerase activity upregulated by E7 expression was determined by the hTERT promoter activity, and that c-Myc upregulation caused by pRB inactivation could account for the promoter activity. The activation of p53 and consequent accumulation of p21Cip1, which were triggered by the downregulation of E6, appeared not to be essential for the E2-mediated growth arrest.

PMID:
16500131
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk