Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 Feb;10(2):209-14.

Low adherence to guidelines for preventing TB among persons with newly diagnosed HIV infection, United States.

Author information

  • 1Division of HIV/AIDS, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA. LMLee@cdc.gov

Abstract

SETTING:

Persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are at risk for developing tuberculosis (TB) if latent TB infection remains untreated.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess missed opportunities for preventing TB by selecting a population-based sample of 1093 persons diagnosed with HIV from June 1995 to June 1997 in Seattle, WA, New Orleans, LA, and Jersey City, NJ.

DESIGN:

To determine the proportion of persons receiving a tuberculin skin test (TST) following HIV diagnosis, we conducted record reviews at providers and local TB control.

RESULTS:

An estimated 53.7% (95% CI 49.9-57.4) had a TST following HIV diagnosis; 6.6% (95% CI 4.3-8.9%) of TST-tested patients were reactive. Median time between HIV diagnosis and TST was 1 month (mean 5.7 months, 95% CI 4.8-6.5). Factors associated with TST included additional risk factors for TB (OR 1.76, 95% CI 1.17-2.63), history of HIV-related preventive treatment (OR 5.84, 95% CI 3.74-8.75), higher number of clinic visits (OR 4.16, 95% CI 2.01-8.02), and attendance at facilities with a written policy to provide TST for all persons with HIV (OR 2.54, 95% CI 1.28-4.88).

CONCLUSION:

About half of persons newly diagnosed with HIV infection had a TST following HIV diagnosis, with little variation by demographics, signaling a general need to improve interventions to prevent TB.

PMID:
16499263
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Ingenta plc
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk