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Ann Surg. 2006 Mar;243(3):321-8.

A prospective randomized trial comparing percutaneous local ablative therapy and partial hepatectomy for small hepatocellular carcinoma.

Author information

  • 1Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Cancer Centre of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China. Cms64@21cn.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the results of percutaneous local ablative therapy (PLAT) with surgical resection in the treatment of solitary and small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA:

PLAT is effective in small HCC. Whether it is as effective as surgical resection in the long-term survivals remains unknown.

METHODS:

We conducted a prospective randomized trial on 180 patients with a solitary HCC <or=5 cm to receive either PLAT or surgical resection. The patients were regularly followed up after treatment with physical examination, blood, and radiologic tests.

RESULTS:

Of the 90 patients who were randomized to PLAT, only 71 received PLAT because 19 withdrew their consent. Of the 90 patients who were randomized to surgical resection, a single Couinaud liver segment resection was carried out in 69 patients, 2 segments in 16 patients, and 3 or more segments in 3 patients. Ethanol injection was given during open surgery in 2 patients. Only 1 patient died after surgical resection within the same hospital admission. Posttreatment complications were more often and severe after surgery than PLAT. The 1-, 2-, 3-, and 4-year overall survival rates after PLAT and surgery were 95.8%, 82.1%, 71.4%, 67.9% and 93.3%, 82.3%, 73.4%, 64.0%, respectively. The corresponding disease-free survival rates were 85.9%, 69.3%, 64.1%, 46.4% and 86.6%, 76.8%, 69%, 51.6%, respectively. Statistically, there was no difference between these 2 treatments.

CONCLUSION:

PLAT was as effective as surgical resection in the treatment of solitary and small HCC. PLAT had the advantage over surgical resection in being less invasive.

PMID:
16495695
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1448947
Free PMC Article
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